1. The ground should be dug up – spade deep.
2. Rake the seed bed, remove any coarse stones etc and level at the same time.
3. Now the surface should rest for 14 – 21 days so the ground will settle and weeds will germinate in the soil.
4. After the weeds have established, apply a suitable (glyphosate type) weed killer at specified application rate. After 7 – 10 days, when the weeds have died, break up the surface again with a rake 3 – 4 cm deep. This will finally remove the weed content. Ensure the ground is not too loose and roll the area or tread down with boards.
5. If the surface is not too wet, sow a suitable lawn seed mixture using the correct sowing rate by hand, bucket or mechanical spreader. Lawns can be sown from spring to the end of autumn. Pick a day when there is no rain and very little wind. Gently rake in the lawn seed and fertiliser, if necessary. To create the optimum start for the new seedlings, a special fertiliser (starter fertiliser) should be applied.
6. During the following 3 – 4 weeks, the newly sown surface must be protected against drying out. If necessary water. It is important that the sprinkler is set to a fine nozzle so that the seeds do not get washed away and the ground does not become encrusted and hard. The most favourable time for watering is early morning or late evening.
7. When a height of 8 – 10 cm is achieved, the young lawn is mowed for the first time. The lawn mower should have very sharp blades; remember the lawn plants are still very young and sensitive. Only the top (1-2cm) should be mown with the first cut. The following cuts can be made to the desired height of the lawn. Frequent cutting particularly in the young stage, leads to a thick strong turf.
New Lawn – Lawn Care
After initial seeding, care is essential for the preservation of the new lawn. This is the only way to guarantee a successful, dense, quality lawn that will appear healthy and uniform for years to come. Mowing, fertilising, aeration and watering are all to be considered part of the maintenance regime. It is also important to consider weed control and the treatment of disease.
New Lawn – Mowing
Mowing is not only the most time consuming but is also the most important part of your new lawn maintenance. Remember, when cutting, you should not take away more than 30% to at the most 50% of the growth of the plant.
New Lawn – Fertilisation
The new lawn will regenerate constantly and, when a lawn is cut regularly, nutrients on the surface are lost. Therefore the right fertilisation is important for the formation of a strong green sward. The lawn not only needs nitrogen, but also a well balanced combination of phosphate, potash, magnesium and trace elements. Talk to us should you require further information on grass care fertilisers.
New Lawn – Watering
Always ensure your lawn has enough moisture. rainfall and dew are normally sufficient. Should it be necessary to water the lawn i.e. If you are faced with dry weather, follow these guidelines: new lawns or reseeds should be watered every 2 days with approximately 1-2 litres/square metre. Older lawns should only be watered once a week with 2 litres/square metre. It is best to water early in the morning or late evening – never water in full sunlight.